• P. P. Physiotherapy center Larnaca

  • Prodromina Petrou

  • Ménière's disease

    Ménière's disease (MD) /meɪnˈjɛərz/,[1] is a disorder of the inner ear that usually affects both hearing and balance. It is characterized by episodes of vertigo and by fluctuating or permanent tinnitus and hearing loss. The condition affects people differently. It can range in intensity from being a mild annoyance to a disabling disease. It is similar to many other conditions so a differential diagnosis is important.[2] It appears that Ménière's disease is caused by endolymphatic hydrops (EH), an excess of fluid in the inner ear, but EH does not completely explain how MD arises.[2] Evidence for all treatments is weak; they include use of drugs to manage the nausea and anxiety caused by vertigo, diuretics, and changes in diet.[3] Physical therapy may help manage the loss of sense of balance, and therapy or relaxation techniques may be useful to help manage the distress caused by the condition. Surgical treatments to reduce pressure inside the ear, or to remove portions of the ear, may be used.[3] In most people, MD subsides after 5–15 years, at the end of which the person has mild loss of balance, moderate hearing loss in one ear, and tinnitus; in about 30% of people both ears are affected.[4]

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia